HARARE – Zimbabwe must have a new currency by the end of the year, according to President Emmerson Mnangagwa who argued on Friday that this would help stabilise prices and inflation, which is at a 10-year high.
The southern African nation in February removed an unrealistic peg for its electronic dollars and surrogate bond notes and merged them into a transitional currency called the Real Time Gross Settlement (RTGS) dollar.
In January Finance Minister Mthuli Ncube said Zimbabwe, in the grip of a severe dollar crunch that has caused shortages of fuel and medicines, would have a new currency in the next 12 months.
“As a country we must have our currency by the end of this year, we have started that journey,” Mnangagwa said at an event south of the capital Harare.
Prices of basic goods from sugar to maize meal have spiked in the last month as the RTGS dollar has lost value.
Mnangagwa said the price hikes were unjustified.
Zimbabwe abandoned its own currency in 2009 after it was wrecked by hyperinflation and adopted the greenback and other currencies, such as sterling and the South African rand.
As physical dollar supplies started dwindling, the central bank introduced the bond note in 2016 at par to the dollar while the amount of electronic dollars increased, plunging the financial system into disarray.
(Reporting by MacDonald Dzirutwe, Editing by William Maclean)